Enter fullscreen mode using javascript

One thing that we had not been able to do before with JavaScript is to allow the user to enter full screen mode with the click of a button, just using JavaScript. That has changed with some of the newer browsers.

We had a request a few weeks ago, where the user wanted to display a gallery in full screen mode, but did not want to use Flash. The user wanted to fill the whole computer screen not just the browser window; below is the code we used to accomplish the task.

Note: the code will work only a few browsers (Chrome 15+, Morzilla 10+, Safari 5.1+ ) eventually all browsers should support it according to W3C documentation.

 

The Code

Add this code on top of your JavaScript file or a separate file; this will toggle Full Screen mode for the browsers mentioned above.

<script type="text/javascript">
function toggleFullScreen() {
  if ((document.fullScreenElement && document.fullScreenElement !== null) ||    // alternative standard method
      (!document.mozFullScreen && !document.webkitIsFullScreen)) {               // current working methods
    if (document.documentElement.requestFullScreen) {
      document.documentElement.requestFullScreen();
    } else if (document.documentElement.mozRequestFullScreen) {
      document.documentElement.mozRequestFullScreen();
    } else if (document.documentElement.webkitRequestFullScreen) {
      document.documentElement.webkitRequestFullScreen(Element.ALLOW_KEYBOARD_INPUT);
    }
  } else {
    if (document.cancelFullScreen) {
      document.cancelFullScreen();
    } else if (document.mozCancelFullScreen) {
      document.mozCancelFullScreen();
    } else if (document.webkitCancelFullScreen) {
      document.webkitCancelFullScreen();
    }
  }
}
</script>

After that all you have to do is to call the function

<script type="text/javascript"> toggleFullScreen();</script>

Using the enter/return key

<script type="text/javascript"> 
document.addEventListener("keydown", function(e) {
  if (e.keyCode == 13) {
    toggleFullScreen();
  }
}, false);
</script>

Using the “ESC” key to exit fullscreen mode

<script type="text/javascript"> 
document.addEventListener("keydown", function(e) {
 if (e.keyCode == 27) {
    if (document.cancelFullScreen) {
      document.cancelFullScreen();
    } else if (document.mozCancelFullScreen) {
      document.mozCancelFullScreen();
    } else if (document.webkitCancelFullScreen) {
      document.webkitCancelFullScreen();
    }
 }
 document.location = jQuery('.galleria-thumblink').attr('href');
}, false);
</script>

Using jQuery

<script type="text/javascript"> 
jQuery(SELECTOR).click(function(){
	toggleFullScreen();
});
</script>

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